Emergency Response Guide No. 136 for SUBSTANCES - SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE - TOXIC and/or CORROSIVE (Air-Reactive)

Source: Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG)

  • Extremely flammable; will ignite itself if exposed to air.
  • Burns rapidly, releasing dense, white, irritating fumes.
  • Substance may be transported in a molten form.
  • May re-ignite after fire is extinguished.
  • Corrosive substances in contact with metals may produce flammable hydrogen gas.
  • Containers may explode when heated.
  • Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases.
  • TOXIC; ingestion of substance or inhalation of decomposition products will cause severe injury or death.
  • Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes.
  • Some effects may be experienced due to skin absorption.
  • Runoff from fire control may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

  • CALL Emergency Response Telephone Number on Shipping Paper first. If Shipping Paper not available or no answer, refer to appropriate telephone number listed on the inside back cover.
  • As an immediate precautionary measure, isolate spill or leak area in all directions for at least 50 meters (150 feet) for liquids and at least 25 meters (75 feet) for solids.
  • Stay upwind, uphill and/or upstream.
  • Keep unauthorized personnel away.
  • Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
  • Wear chemical protective clothing that is specifically recommended by the manufacturer. It may provide little or no thermal protection.
  • Structural firefighters' protective clothing provides limited protection in fire situations ONLY; it is not effective in spill situations where direct contact with the substance is possible.
  • For Phosphorus (UN1381): Special aluminized protective clothing should be worn when direct contact with the substance is possible.
  • Consider initial downwind evacuation for at least 300 meters (1000 feet).
  • If tank, rail car or tank truck is involved in a fire, ISOLATE for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions; also, consider initial evacuation for 800 meters (1/2 mile) in all directions.
  • [FLAG] In Canada, an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) may be required for this product. Please consult the shipping document and/or the ERAP Program Section (page 391).

Small Fire
  • Water spray, wet sand or wet earth.
Large Fire
  • Water spray or fog.
  • Do not scatter spilled material with high-pressure water streams.
  • Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.
Fire involving Tanks or Car/Trailer Loads
  • Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.
  • Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
  • Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of tank.
  • ALWAYS stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.
  • Fully encapsulating, vapor-protective clothing should be worn for spills and leaks with no fire.
  • ELIMINATE all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).
  • Do not touch or walk through spilled material.
  • Do not touch damaged containers or spilled material unless wearing appropriate protective clothing.
  • Stop leak if you can do it without risk.
Small Spill
  • Cover with water, sand or earth. Shovel into metal container and keep material under water.
Large Spill
  • Dike for later disposal and cover with wet sand or earth.
  • Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.
  • Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves.
  • Move victim to fresh air.
  • Call 911 or emergency medical service.
  • Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing.
  • Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult.
  • In case of contact with substance, keep exposed skin areas immersed in water or covered with wet bandages until medical attention is received.
  • Removal of solidified molten material from skin requires medical assistance.
  • Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes at the site and place in metal container filled with water. Fire hazard if allowed to dry.
  • Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed.
  • Keep victim calm and warm.