Nitric acid, red fuming


Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid. The pure compound is colorless, but older samples tend to acquire a yellow cast due to decomposition into oxides of nitrogen and water. Most commercially available nitric acid has a concentration of 68% in water. When the solution contains more than 86% HNO3, it is referred to as fuming nitric acid. Depending on the amount of nitrogen dioxide present, fuming nitric acid is further characterized as white fuming nitric acid at concentrations above 95%, or red fuming nitric acid at concentrations above 86%. Nitric acid is the primary reagent used for nitration – the addition of a nitro group, typically to an organic molecule. Wikipedia

Substance Data

Source: TOXNET (HSDB, 22.08.2019)

CAS-Number

7697-37-2

Flash Point

n/a

Boiling Point

n/a

Emergency Response Guide No. 157

Data from the Hazardous Materials Table

Source: 49 CFR §172 (2018/07)

(3) Hazard Class

8
Corrosive liquids

(4) Identification number Help

UN 2032

(5) Packing Group Help

I

(6) Labels Help

Corrosive liquids (8) Oxidizers (5.1) Poisonous liquids PG I Zone A (6.1)

(1) Symbols Help

This entry is signed with plus (+). The plus (+) sign fixes the proper shipping name, hazard class and packing group for that entry without regard to whether the material meets the definition of that class, packing group or any other hazard class definition. When the plus sign is assigned, it means that the material is known to pose a risk to humans. When a plus sign is assigned to mixtures or solutions containing a material where the hazard to humans is significantly different from that of the pure material or where no hazard to humans is posed, the material may be described using an alternative shipping name that represents the hazards posed by the material. An appropriate alternate proper shipping name and hazard class may be authorized by the Associate Administrator.

(7) Special Provisions (§172.102) Help

×Note:
Special provisions may be very complex. The extracts are taken from 49 CFR §172.102. Please be careful with the information, as necessary, additional conditions may be applied that are not written here. Please check the original source and report bugs.
2
B9
B32
T20
TP2
TP13
TP38
TP45

(8) Packing Authorizations (§173.***) Help

(8A) ExceptionsNone
(8B) Non-bulk227see 49 CFR §173.227
(8C) Bulk244see 49 CFR §173.244

(9) Quantity Limits Help

(9A) Passenger aircraft/railForbidden
(9B) Cargo aircraft onlyForbidden

(10) Vessel stowage Help

(10A) Location
(10B) Other

Segregation Chart for Load, Transport, Storage

In this table a statement is contained for each hazard class whether the loading, transport or storage with other hazard classes is allowed, is not permitted or is restricted. The table is based on U.S.-Code 49 CFR §177.848.

red May not be loaded, transported, or stored together in the same transport vehicle or storage facility.
green Load, transport, storage together is not restricted.
yellow Load, transport, storage together is allowed under restrictions.