Nitric acid, red fuming
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid. The pure compound is colorless, but older samples tend to acquire a yellow cast due to decomposition into oxides of nitrogen and water. Most commercially available nitric acid has a concentration of 68% in water. When the solution contains more than 86% HNO3, it is referred to as fuming nitric acid. Depending on the amount of nitrogen dioxide present, fuming nitric acid is further characterized as red fuming nitric acid at concentrations above 86%, or white fuming nitric acid at concentrations above 95%. Nitric acid is the primary reagent used for nitration – the addition of a nitro group, typically to an organic molecule. Wikipedia
Substance DataSource: TOXNET
|Emergency Response Guide No. 157|
Data from the Hazardous Materials TableSource: 49 CFR §172 (2018/07)
(3) Hazard Class8
(5) Packing Group
(1) SymbolsThis entry is signed with plus (+). The plus (+) sign fixes the proper shipping name, hazard class and packing group for that entry without regard to whether the material meets the definition of that class, packing group or any other hazard class definition. When the plus sign is assigned, it means that the material is known to pose a risk to humans. When a plus sign is assigned to mixtures or solutions containing a material where the hazard to humans is significantly different from that of the pure material or where no hazard to humans is posed, the material may be described using an alternative shipping name that represents the hazards posed by the material. An appropriate alternate proper shipping name and hazard class may be authorized by the Associate Administrator.
Special provisions may be very complex. The extracts are taken from 49 CFR §172.102. Please be careful with the information, as necessary, additional conditions may be applied that are not written here. Please check the original source and report bugs.
(9) Quantity Limits
(10) Vessel stowage
Segregation Chart for Load, Transport, Storage
In this table a statement is contained for each hazard class whether the loading, transport or storage with other hazard classes is allowed, is not permitted or is restricted. The table is based on U.S.-Code 49 CFR §177.848.
|May not be loaded, transported, or stored together in the same transport vehicle or storage facility.|
|Load, transport, storage together is not restricted.|
|Load, transport, storage together is allowed under restrictions.|
Substances with similar name
|UN 2031||Nitric acid other than red fuming, with more than 70 percent nitric acid||8|
|Oleum, see Sulfuric acid, fuming|
|UN 1831||Sulfuric acid, fuming with 30 percent or more free sulfur trioxide||8|