Turpentine


Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin from live trees, mainly pines. It is mainly used as a solvent and as a source of materials for organic synthesis. One of the earliest sources was the terebinth or turpentine tree (Pistacia terebinthus), a Mediterranean tree related to the pistachio; today turpentine derived from this tree is called Chian, Scio, or Cyprian turpentine. Important pines for turpentine production include: maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis), Masson's pine (Pinus massoniana), Sumatran pine (Pinus merkusii), longleaf pine (Pinus palustris), loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) and ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa).Turpentine is composed of terpenes, mainly the monoterpenes alpha-pinene and beta-pinene with lesser amounts of carene, camphene, dipentene, and terpinolene.The word turpentine derives (via French and Latin) from the Greek word τερεβινθίνη terebinthine, the feminine form (to go with the feminine Greek word for resin) of an adjective τερεβίνθινος derived from the Greek noun τερέβινθος, the name for a species of tree, the terebinth tree. Mineral turpentine or other petroleum distillates are used to replace turpentine, but they are very different chemically. Wikipedia

Substance Data

Source: TOXNET (HSDB, 21.11.2019)

CAS-Number

8006-64-2

Flash Point

n/a

Boiling Point

n/a

Emergency Response Guide No. 128

Data from the Hazardous Materials Table

Source: 49 CFR §172 (2018/07)

(3) Hazard Class

3
Flammable liquids

(4) Identification number Help

UN 1299

(5) Packing Group Help

III

(6) Labels Help

Flammable liquids (3)

(7) Special Provisions (§172.102) Help

×Note:
Special provisions may be very complex. The extracts are taken from 49 CFR §172.102. Please be careful with the information, as necessary, additional conditions may be applied that are not written here. Please check the original source and report bugs.
B1
IB3
T2
TP2

(8) Packing Authorizations (§173.***) Help

(8A) Exceptions150see 49 CFR §173.150
(8B) Non-bulk203see 49 CFR §173.203
(8C) Bulk242see 49 CFR §173.242

(9) Quantity Limits Help

(9A) Passenger aircraft/rail60 L
(9B) Cargo aircraft only220 L

(10) Vessel stowage Help

(10A) Location
(10B) Other n/a

Segregation Chart for Load, Transport, Storage

In this table a statement is contained for each hazard class whether the loading, transport or storage with other hazard classes is allowed, is not permitted or is restricted. The table is based on U.S.-Code 49 CFR §177.848.

red May not be loaded, transported, or stored together in the same transport vehicle or storage facility.
green Load, transport, storage together is not restricted.
yellow Load, transport, storage together is allowed under restrictions.

Substances with similar name

UN-NumberNameHazard Class
UN 1300Turpentine substitute3